plastic surgery colombia part four

Plastic surgery colombia part four

In 1910, Luckett described an important advance in the understanding of one of the anatomical bases of the deformity of the auricular cartilage. This author recognized the importance of the repair of the antehélix restoring the fold of the same one and corrected this anomaly by means of the extirpation of a fragment of skin and cartilage in the form of a half moon along the fold of the antehelix, with fixation of the structure with mattress-type points9. In 1906 the first cosmetic surgery book was published, Cosmetic Surgery, whose author was Charles Conrad Miller and who it would later be republished in 1925 (figure 11). But, although these advances are undeniable and surgery plastic boom in the nineteenth century, does not exist as a specialty and is from the First World War when it acquires importance for the high number of wounded that the fight produces. We must remember, however, that before of the conflict, at the beginning of the century, authors like Lexer, Passot and Joseph himself make their own contributions to this incipient discipline, but, it is in the period of between the wars, coinciding also with the economic improvement of society, which contributed not only to the development of plastic or reconstructive surgery, but to the already authentic aesthetic or cosmetic surgery6, 8, 10. The Barnes Hospital in Washington, with Papin Blair creates the first plastic surgery service, where performed the first partial-thickness skin grafts. In 1921 the American Society was created in the United States of Plastic Surgery. In France, Hyppolite Morestin (1869-1919) and his disciple Harold Gillies (1882-1957), from England, developed the subcutaneous dissection to perform the closure of the defects without tension. They also performed the refinement of the Z plasties, for the correction of contractures linear World War II makes this surgery to develop from considerably, going from simple facial reconstructions to their current situation. This boom came favored for the development of antibiotics and the improvement of techniques of anesthesia, which helped to reduce the risks associated with surgery. Maurice Virenque (1888-1946), trained at the Hospital de Paris, he worked during I and later during World War II. He dedicated himself to the treatment of mandibular fractures and also made incursions into the field of cosmetic surgery, particularly in face lifts, being one of the first surgeons to use the points of deep fixation. In 1963, Mustardé describes an otoplasty technique that It is still used today. This technique consists of place stitches of permanent suture material between the shell and the helix channel, without affecting the cartilage. In 1968 The Furnas technique is published, which allows to reduce the excessive development of the shell. His technique incorporates the fixation of the cartilage of the shell to the periosteum of the mastoid with mattress points, in order to decrease the distance between the shell and the mastoid process. Later, in 1969, the technique would be redifinidated by Spira et al9. The Spanish school In the 19th century, Hyserny and Argumosa stood out in Spain, who put into practice their own surgical techniques, mainly about tissue transplantation. In the beginning of the twentieth century, was Professor Cortés Llado, professor of Surgery at the University of Seville, who, after visit the French school of Professor Morestin, he wrote his book Facial Plastic Surgery, where he defined this specialty as “the conservation of the form, to try keep the function “. He already advocated the creation of specific plastic surgery services, where he met surgeons interested in this “special” surgery, based, fundamentally, on mobilizing and transplanting tissues of the body10, 11. During the Civil War (1936-1939), the great demand who underwent this surgery, as a result of high number of wounded and mutilated caused by the contest, it supposed the impulse of the plastic and repairing surgery, so that it reached an important development. Captain Sanchez Galindo, after visiting the service of Plastic Surgery from Professor Blair, United States, created the first specific unit, in the Military Hospital General Mola de San Sebastián, which subsequently, ending the war, moved to Hospital Gómez Ulla de Madrid. Simultaneously, the Red Cross created also plastic surgery services in several cities Spanish